Foods Are Given To COVID – 19 Infected Person
Foods for COVID-19 coronavirus infected person is the key issue nowadays during a pandemic. Good nutrition and proper hygiene, and high protein diet are essential for COVID-19 affected persons. If Cororavirus infected person eats a well-balanced diet with high proteins, it will help in boosting strong immune systems and reduce the risk of chronic illnesses and transmittable diseases.
Foods for Boosting The Immune System, Nutritional Diets For COVID-19
There are numerous nutrients (Vitamin A, B, C and D, Copper, Folate, Iron, Selenium, Zinc) that play a vital role in our body to boosting immunity power to fight against disease infections. A balanced diet is also important to keep fit and healthy. Thus, infected patients are being provided with high rich protein foods during Coronavirus infection.
Infected patients should eat fresh and unprocessed foods that contain:
- Dietary fiber
Here are some sources of nutrients which are essential to have by an infected person.
Vitamin A: Goat liver, Beef liver, cod liver, sweet potatoes, carrots, black-eyed peas, spinach, broccoli
Vitamin B: Green leaf vegetable, Eggs, fruits, meats, fish, dry foods, nuts etc
Vitamin C: Guava, kiwi, bell peppers, strawberries, oranges, papaya, broccoli, tomato, kale, grape, persimmon, spinach, pineapple etc.
Vitamin D: Sunlight
Vitamin E: Sunflower seeds, Almonds, avocados, spinach, butternut, squash, kiwi, broccoli, olive oil, trout etc.
Selenium: Brazil nut, tuna, shellfish, eggs, sunflower seeds, shiitake mushroom etc
Zinc: Oysters, beef, crab, lobster, chicken, cheese, kidney beans, garbanzo beans, cashews, and almonds etc
Protein: Eggs, taurine, carnosine, anserine, and creatine from animal foods such as beef and lamb
Coconut oil: Coconut oil
Melatonin: It is available in capsule or liquid forms.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recommended the following recommending:
- Eat variation of foods in each intake to ensure to get all essential nutrients. Each country has different food-based dietary guidelines, that should be followed correctly.
- Take adequate fresh fruits and vegetables during each meal, then get vitamins and minerals and fiber which is essential for a healthy diet.
- Eat proper diet where whole grains, nuts, and healthy fats are available, for example, Olive, sesame, peanut, or other oils, rich in unsaturated fatty acids. These diets may support to increase the immune system and help to reduce infection and inflammation.
- Similarly, record the intake of sugar, fat, and salt to reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Avoid high fat, sugar salt, and calories during infection.
- Maintain proper food hygiene. There is a possibility to transfer COVID-19 through food; however, so far, there is no evidence that this disease transmits through food items. Even though, we must follow five keys to food and safety of WHO:
a. Keep clean;
b. Keep separate raw and cooked;
c. Cook thoroughly;
d. Keep food at safe temperatures,
e.Only safe water and raw materials should be used.
6. Drink adequate water to maintain hydrated (at least 6-8 glasses /day for adults) and also supports our immune system.
7. Limit intake of alcohol and smoking to reduce stress and improve the immunity power of the body.
8. Do regular exercise, rest, and getting adequate sleep to reduce stress/anxiety and depression.
9. Self-care and stress reduction practice, which is an important factor for immunity.
An infected person must eat more vegetables and cereals during infection time. They should also drink enough lukewarm water. People who are suffering from chronic illnesses and who have confirmed or suspected COVID-19 may require help with their mental strength and diet to confirm to keep good health.
AVOID FOOD DURING COVID-19 INFECTION
If you are an infected person, some food products should be avoided to control your health issues. List of food products that should be avoided during the infection period is given below:
- Avoid more sugar
- Avoid more salt
- Moderate amounts of fat and oil
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Keep these points in mind to lower the risk of heart disease, so eat light food with proper nutrition. Use less oil, very less chilli, and fewer salt dishes. Avoid junk food such as pasta, noodles, pizza, fizzy drinks, alcohol, and smoking. Eat fresh Yogurt at a normal temperature, not more bitter. Likewise, take fresh fruits and vegetables after properly wash, vegetable soups, carrots juices, chapati, rice, and simple daal, green vegetables, and salads can eat. Eat porridge using less oil and vegetables like peas, carrots, onion etc.